Graphic Organizers are printed charts or forms that assist students in producing visual representations of the concepts, organization, or arguments of a text selection. Most often, these tools help students isolate and analyze the main ideas of a document.
Lenski, Wham, and Johns (1999) describe five types of graphical organizers:
The Enumeration (Description) Graphic Organizer prompts students to identify main ideas and list possible definitions, related terms, or examples.
The Time Order or Sequence Graphic Organizer helps students uncover the logical progression of ideas in a documentfrom earliest to latest, from most to least important, etc.and then to place specific items or details within this sequence.
The Compare and Contrast Graphical Organizer asks students how two related concepts are alike and different and then to chart these comparisons on a Venn diagram.
The Cause and Effect Graphical Organizer helps students recognize causal relationships between events and produce a chart of causes and effects leading to a conclusion.
The Problem and Solution Graphical Organizer allows students to investigate and analyze possible solutions to problems.
Steps to Using Graphic Organizers:
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